Sunday, August 14, 2016

Bunch Breaker

While updating the profile of Ollie Red I found on her 1910 US Census an occupation of bunch breaker. It sounded interesting so I looked it up.

Here is what I found:

A bunch breaker shapes the long filler leaves of a cigar before it was put into a press.

In the 1860s cigar manufactures began to hire women for cigar making positions. The practice spread to other areas of the country. After a cigar makers strike in 1877 more women were hired. Soon, women became the norm in these positions as companies began to rely women's better dexterity in the shaping process.

Ollie and Michael are second cousins three times removed.

1. Ollie is the daughter of Charles Grant Red
2. Grant is the son of Catherine (Emfield) Red
3. Catherine is the daughter of Joseph Emfield

This trail tells us that Joseph is the great grandfather of Ollie.

1. Michael is the son of Harold Francis Harris
2. Sam is the son of Loretta (Noice) Harris
3. Loretta is the daughter of Perry Joseph Noise
4. Perry is the son of Lucinda Alice (McLaughlin) Noice
5. Alice is the daughter of Sarah Ann (Emfield) McLaughlin
6. Sarah is the daughter of Joseph Emfield 

Source: Employment of Women in Industries: Cigar-Making: Its History and Present Tendencies Author(s): Edith Abbott
Source: Cigar Makers' Official Journal ISSUED MONTHLY G. W. PERKINS. Editor and Publisher January 1917
Source: Once a Cigar Maker: Men, Women, and Work Culture in American Cigar Factories By Patricia Ann Cooper
Source: United States Tobacco Journal, 1900, special century edition, p. 34.
Source: 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910 (NARA microfilm publication T624, 1,178 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C. For details on the contents of the film numbers, visit the following NARA web page: NARA.